Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Read Both Murray “The Maker’s Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts” and Orewell’s “Politics and the English Language” Write 1 page – 275-300 words – on one of the articles. What is the argument of the article and how well does the author support and prove | excelpaper.org/
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Read Both Murray “The Maker’s Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts” and Orewell’s “Politics and the English Language” 

Write 1 page – 275-300 words – on one of the articles. What is the argument of the article and how well does the author support and prove it? What is the most interesting part of the article and why?

9/16/2019 George Orwell: Politics and the English Language

https://www.orwell.ru/library/essays/politics/english/e_polit 1/14

George Orwell

Politics and the English Language
Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English
language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by
conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our
language — so the argument runs — must inevitably share in the general
collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a
sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs
to aeroplanes. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a
natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes.

Now, it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have
political and economic causes: it is not due simply to the bad influence of this
or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the
original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on
indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure,
and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same
thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and
inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our
language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the
process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of
bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is
willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits one can
think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward
political regeneration: so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous and
is not the exclusive concern of professional writers. I will come back to this
presently, and I hope that by that time the meaning of what I have said here
will have become clearer. Meanwhile, here are five specimens of the English
language as it is now habitually written.

These five passages have not been picked out because they are
especially bad — I could have quoted far worse if I had chosen — but because
they illustrate various of the mental vices from which we now suffer. They are
a little below the average, but are fairly representative examples. I number
them so that I can refer back to them when necessary:

9/16/2019 George Orwell: Politics and the English Language

https://www.orwell.ru/library/essays/politics/english/e_polit 2/14

1. I am not, indeed, sure whether it is not true to say that
the Milton who once seemed not unlike a seventeenth-century
Shelley had not become, out of an experience ever more bitter in
each year, more alien [sic] to the founder of that Jesuit sect
which nothing coul

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