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5 Steps on one paper

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9/16/22, 11:27 PM The Step 3 Assignment

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955406/View 1/5

Resources:

Note:

In this step, you construct the grammatical machinery your language will need in order for a speaker

to be able to express all the kinds of things they might want to express.  You’ll give your language a

set of rules to build up words, and then to put those words into phrases and sentences.

Continue to use our class styleguide  (now including the sections on three-

line glossing) and the of�cial Interactive IPA Chart.  You might �nd the

Leipzig Glossing Rules to be useful as you develop your three-line glosses.

To be eligible for a grade, your work must be submitted as a pdf �le to the

correct assignment folder. We do not accept assignments by email.  If you

experience a technical dif�culty with your upload, contact the 24/7 IT

Support Desk and document that contact.  Then notify Amy

([email protected])

The Assignment

Revise your Step 2 as needed based on the assessment you received, and update your Change

Log to re�ect your revisions.

Draft two new main sections of your Language Project:  Complex Words and Simple Sentences. 

Your Complex Words section will eventually have three subsections, one for each in�ectional

category you elect to use.  Your Simple Sentences section will have three subsections, one for

each of these three sentence types:  Simple Intransitive, Simple Transitive, and Modi�ed.

In complex words describe the in�ectional morphemes you will use in your language.  Select

three categories from this list to work on, or if you’d like to try something different consult

with your grader for an OK and additional guidance:

Tense

Grammatical number

Grammatical person

Case

Classi�cation or Grammatical Gender

Evidentiality

Directionality

For each category you select, you’ll create a subsection that includes:

A brief introduction to the category (what is it, what does it mean?) – preferably with

citations from course readings; and

Creating Complex Words and Simple Sentences

https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/IPAcharts/inter_char

9/16/22, 11:32 PM The Paper – LING150A1 Fall 2022

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955409/View 1/3

Note:

Note: 

This time it’s just revision, and the addition of a short you-get-full-credit-for-doing-it re�ection

paragraph in which you talk about what this project has been like for you.  We hope you’ll feel

empowered to make your work beautiful, clean, and something you’re super proud of.

To be eligible for a grade, your work must be submitted as a pdf �le to the

correct assignment folder. We do not accept assignments by email.  If you

experience a technical dif�culty with your upload, contact the 24/7 IT

Support Desk and document that contact.  Then notify Amy

([email protected])

The Paper Assignment

The amount of time this assignment will take depends on how much revision

you’re doing.  We recommend setting aside at least one 45 minute session

for revising.

Revise your Step 4 as needed based on the assessment you received, and update your Change Log to

re�ect your revisions.

After revising, add a section titled re�ections.   Think about this project, and your experience with it. 

Write a few sentences (as much or as little as you’d like) addressing questions like these: What do

you feel like you learned in this process?  What was most or least valuable about the project?  What

surprised you?  What, if any, are the transferable skills you learned or practiced in this project?

Your �nal paper should have this structure:

Page 1: Title page (updated with the correct date, an accurate title, and an updated honor

footnote)

Page 2: Change Log

Pages 3-?:  Introduction, Core Vocabulary, Phonemic Inventories, Phonotactics and Rhythm,

Complex Words, Simple Sentences, Question Formation, and Pragmatics, and Re�ections

sections.

Last Page:  References.

One last demo
Amy talks about revisions, and re�ections.

Video: Step 5 (9:27)

The Final Paper

9/16/22, 11:32 PM The Paper – LING150A1 Fall 2

9/16/22, 11:16 PM The Step 0 Assignment – LING150A1 Fall 2022

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955403/View 1/4

Note:

Project Overview | Get Help

This step sets you up for success on our project by asking you to start a document and give it

all the required formatting elements we’ll use this term.

Our class styleguide provides a complete inventory of formatting,

referencing and citation rules for this class.  Please be sure to use it as

you create your Project!

The Assignment
Create a properly formatted �le in your word processor of choice.  Your �nished �le will be

four pages long: a title page, a change log page, a page with a double-spaced paragraph of

text and a single-spaced three-column table, and a reference page with one properly

formatted reference citation.  Save, print or export your work to pdf and submit it to the

Step 0 assignment folder.

Step-by-Step

Create a new �le in your word processing program of choice (google docs, MS Word,

LaTeX, or other).  Name and save the �le. 

File naming:  include your name in the �le name, do not use special characters (‘&’,

‘%’, ‘(‘ etc). 

Create a title page that contains at least:  a title for your project (you can change this

any time), the date that you’re writing it, and your name.

Add a page header that includes your name and a page number.

Add an honor footnote that says who, if anyone, helped you on the assignment and

that takes responsibility for errors.

Add a hard page break.

At the top of page 2, write ‘Change Log’.  Leave the rest of the page blank.

Add a hard page break.

At the top of page 3, write a short paragraph of text.  It can say anything.  Double-space

the paragraph.

After the paragraph, add a table that has three columns and at least 2 rows.  Use the

column headers ‘pronunciation’, ‘meaning’, and ‘note’.

Add a hard page break.

Preparing the Document

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/common/dialo

9/16/22, 11:26 PM The Step 1 Assignment – LING150A1 Fall 2022

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955404/View 1/4

Resources:

Note:

This step invites you to think about how you would like your language to work.  What problems might

it solve?  What characteristics do you want it to have?  You’ll create the a set of ten words that you

can use to start things out.

Continue to use our class styleguide.  For this step you will also need the

Swadesh List and the of�cial Interactive IPA Chart.  

To be eligible for a grade, your work must be submitted as a pdf �le to the

correct assignment folder  We do not accept assignments by email.  If you

experience a technical dif�culty with your upload, contact the 24/7 IT

Support Desk and document that contact.  Then notify Amy

([email protected])

The Assignment

Revise your Step 0 as needed based on the assessment you received and your own ideas and

preferences, then list the things you changed and your rationale in your change log.

Delete the random paragraph of text from Step 0, page 3.  Replace it with these two new

sections of your Language Project:  the Introduction and the Core Vocabulary. Each of these

sections should be introduced with a section header.  Your three-column table will end up in

your Core Vocabulary section

In the introduction, write about your goals and rationale for your invented language.  What

problems would you like it to solve?  What do you want it to be like?  As you discuss your

thinking, integrate at least one of our supporting readings.  Use either a paraphrase or direct

quotation, and use our stylesheet to format your in-text citation and complete reference

citation.  Your introduction must be at least two paragraphs, but it may be longer if you wish.

In the core vocabulary, create and introduce at least ten words that you’ll use in your

language.  Your words must be spelled phonetically, using the IPA.  At least 5 of your words

must have meanings taken from Claire Bowern’s Swadesh List, and that list must be cited and

referenced.  Present your words in a three-column table, with the columns ‘pronunciation’,

‘meaning’, and ‘note’.  Introduce the table with at least one short paragraph (double-spaced). 

Make sure the table itself is single-spaced.  After the table, write a brief summary or

conclusion paragraph (double-spaced).

Aim for a total of 1-2 pages of double-spaced text for these two sections.

Imagining a Rationale and Core Vocabulary

9/16/22, 11:28 PM The Step 4 Assignment – LING150A1 Fall 2022

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955407/View 1/6

Resources:

Note:

This step involves the creation of a system for asking questions and generating humor (joking,

teasing) or creating offense (swearing, word taboos).  You’ll consult the scholarly literature to �nd an

article to use as inspiration, and you’ll analyze the system you create using a theory of pragmatics.

Continue to use our class styleguide, the of�cial Interactive IPA Chart, and

(if you wish) the Leipzig Glossing Rules. You will need a scholarly article on

joking, teasing, swearing or word taboos in an unfamiliar community – as

described in this video.

To be eligible for a grade, your work must be submitted as a pdf �le to the

correct assignment folder. We do not accept assignments by email.  If you

experience a technical dif�culty with your upload, contact the 24/7 IT

Support Desk and document that contact.  Then notify Amy

([email protected])

The Assignment

Revise your Step 3 as needed based on the assessment you received, and update your Change

Log to re�ect your revisions.

Decide how your language will form polar questions (intonation only, or question particle, or

syntactic movement).  Decide how your language will form content questions (you’ll need an

interrogative morpheme, it will appear either in-situ or else with syntactic movement). 

Decide on a kind of pragmatic practice you’d like to develop for your language – select from

joking, teasing, swearing or word taboos. 

Using your University of Arizona library access, �nd a scholarly article about some real-life

community practice of the sort you’ve selected.  We recommend the JSTOR database for this

purpose, as it allows you to limit searches to journals published in one or several academic

disciplines. You will need an article that meets the following requirements:

It was published in a journal in either Anthropology or Linguistics; and

It focuses on a language community that you are unfamiliar with; and

It focuses on one of the pragmatic practice you’ve selected; and

It provides actual language examples – not just descriptions in English – of the system.

Draft two sections of your Language Project:  Question Formation, and Pragmatics. 

Your question formation section will have two subsections:  polar questions and content

questions. In the polar questions subsection, describe and give an example of a polar

Asking Questions and Making Jokes

9/16/22, 11:27 PM The Step 2 Assignment – LING150A1 Fall 2022

https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1163491/viewContent/12955405/View 1/5

Resources:

Note:

Project Overview | Get Help

This step involves collection of the consonant and vowel sounds you used in your Step 1 words to

seed a consonant inventory and a vowel inventory for your new language, and then add or modify the

inventories as you wish.  You’ll use an ‘Illustrations of the IPA’ article from the Journal of the

International Phonetic Association as a model for presenting your inventories to a reader. 

Continue to use our class styleguide and the of�cial Interactive IPA Chart. 

You will need an Illustrations of the IPA article as well.   

To be eligible for a grade, your work must be submitted as a pdf �le to the

correct assignment folder. We do not accept assignments by email.  If you

experience a technical dif�culty with your upload, contact the 24/7 IT

Support Desk and document that contact.  Then notify Amy

([email protected])

The Assignment
Revise your Step 1 as needed based on the assessment you received, and update your Change Log to

re�ect your revisions.

Draft two sections of your Language Project:  Phonemic Inventories and Phonotactics and
Rhthym.  Your Phonemic Inventories should have two subsections:  consonants and vowels. 

Each of these sections should be introduced with a section header.

In phonemic inventories, describe the set of consonant and the set of vowel sounds your

language uses to distinguish words.  Use (and cite) your Illustrations of the IPA article for

inspiration. 

In the consonants subsection: introduce, present and describe a consonant chart that

includes all consonant sounds you’ll use in your words.  Select three pairs of consonant

sounds from your chart, and for each pair of sounds create a minimal pair of words in your

new language to show that those sounds are really contrastive. 

In the vowels subsection: introduce, present and describe a vowel chart that includes all

vowel sounds you’ll use in your words.  Identify your language as using either contrastive

length or else contrastive tones (or both).  Select two vowels from your chart, and for each

vowel create a minimal pair of words that illustrates your length or tone system. 

Identifying Consonants, Vowels and Rhythms

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