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biomedical ethics


1. Name some very important organs that are not vital organs.

stomach, small intestine, large intestine.

2. List and functional description all the normal vital organs, including today’s exceptions.



Brain:
it is the most important organ because it controls everything in your body. It is a super sense or sensory motor.


Brain stem:
The primary function of the brainstem is ensuring basic vital life functions such as heartbeat, blood pressure and breathing. It also plays a role in arousal and consciousness. Every piece of information that enters or leaves the brain must pass through this structure.


lungs:
The function of both lungs in the respiratory system is to extract oxygen from the atmosphere, transfer it into the bloodstream, and release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere by the process of gas exchange.


Heart:
it takes in deoxygenated blood through the veins and delivers it to the lungs for oxygenation before pumping it into the various arteries (which provide oxygen and nutrients to body tissues by transporting the blood throughout the body).


Liver:
It detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion. Its other roles in metabolism include regulating glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, and the production of hormones.


Pancreas:
It is an organ of the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates. The pancreas is a heterocrine gland, having both an endocrine and an exocrine digestive function. As an endocrine gland, it mainly regulates blood sugar levels, secreting the hormones insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. As a part of the digestive system, it functions as an exocrine gland secreting pancreatic juice into the duodenum through the pancreatic duct.


Stomach
: The stomach is involved in the second phase of digestion in the digestive system, following chewing. It performs a chemical breakdown due to enzymes and hydrochloric acid.


Small intestine:
The primary function of the small intestine is the absorption of nutrients and minerals from food.


Large intestine
: It is the final section of the gastrointestinal tract that absorbs water and vitamins while converting digested food into feces.


Kidneys
: The kidneys’ primary function is to filter water, impurities, and wastes from the blood.

3. Is it possible to live without a vital organ? Why? Example?

The vital organs are

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