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Chapter 9 – Rounds and Dyads

    From all the examples of rounds in the chapter and in class, which do you see as the most useful and potentially the most effective? Explain.
    How do you envision yourself making use of dyads in your group work? Explain.

Chapter 10 – Exercises

    Of all the exercises described in this chapter, which three could you envision using on a regular basis, and which ones do you know you’ll never use and why?
    Research and describe a specific group exercises not discussed in the class that would fit your leadership style and future clientele.

Book: Group Counseling: Strategies and Skills (8th ed.) (2015) by Ed E. Jacobs, et al., Thomson Brooks/Cole. ISBN 978-1-111-87052-2

Chapter 9
Rounds and Dyads

A round is an activity where every member is asked to respond to some stimulus posed by the leader.

The value of rounds cannot be over-emphasized. Rounds get members focused and engaged.

Rounds can be beneficial during all phases of a group session.

Designated Word or Phrase
Yes/No round regarding if you have something to say or something you’d like discussed
Helps the leader to get a “read” on your members

Here/Getting Here/Not Here round as a way to start your groups
Helps get members focused
Helps leader to get a sense of where members are

Designated Number
Use 1-10 scale
Rate your week

Rate your life, relationship, job

Rate some issue or concern (e.g. anger, jealousy, guilt, liking of school, liking one’s body

Word or Phrase
In a word or phrase, how was your week?
In a word or phrase, what did you think of the article?
In a word or phrase, what did you learn from the activity?
What is your reaction to the proposal—in a word or phrase?

Comment Round
Longer than a word or phrase but does limit how much a member can say—leader indicates that he or she is going to get comments from everyone. An example would be:

“I’d like to hear briefly from each of you about __________.

Rounds Are Good To:
Build comfort and trust
Get members focused
Gather information and locate energy
Shift the focus to involve all members
Draw out quiet members
Deepen the intensity
Process exercises

Additional Comments About Rounds
Where to start the round
Not with a difficult, resistant member
Start so that you can end on a certain member (often one you want to draw out)
Don’t stay too long with members who are hesitant

Processing Rounds
Ask questions based on the information gathered from the round
Don’t do rounds just to fill up time

A good group activity is to put members in dyads or triads to discuss a topic or issue.

Dyads serve as a way to vary the format and a way to get members talking to at least one other member.

Uses of Dyads
Developing Comfort

Warming up members and building energy

Processing information and group exercises

Uses of Dyads
Providing leader/member interaction

leader can pair up with a member for a specific purpose, such as providing encouragement, dealing with resistance
Finishing a topic
“Many of you seem to have lots of thoughts about this. I’m going to have you pair up so you can share your thoughts about what we’ve been talking about this last 30 minutes.”
Getting certain members together for a specific purpose, such as common issues

Uses of Dyads
Changing the format

Providing time for the leader to think, add to, or change a plan, consider strategies for helping specific members, etc.

Pairing Members for Dyads
Member’s Choice
“pair up with someone you’d like to be with”
“Joe, you pick someone to be with. Oka


The term exercise is used among group leaders to refer to an activity that the group does for a specific purpose.

An exercise can be as simple as having members get into dyads to discuss a topic or as involved as the “blind trust walk,” which entails one member leading around a blindfolded member.

In other words, when the leader directs the behaviors, discussion, or attention of the group members by using a specific activity, it is an exercise

Reason for Using Exercises
To increase comfort level
To provide the leader with useful information
To generate discussion and focus the group
To shift the focus
To deepen the focus
To provide an opportunity for experiential learning
To provide fun and relaxation

When to Use Exercises
Exercises can be used any time
Exercises are good during introductions
Exercises are good during warm-up phase
Exercises are helpful in getting members focused in the middle phase
Exercises are useful during the closing phase

Kinds of Exercises
Helps to draw out members
Use when you can’t think of anything better because they almost always work
Kinds of written exercises

Sentence completion

Kinds of Exercises
Movement—valuable because members speak with their feet and body; movement exercises energize the members
Wall-to-Wall Continuums
Sculpt the group—entire group does this at the same time
Each member sculpt how they see the group
Move to different parts of the room

Kinds of Exercises
Dyads or Triads
Excellent for varying the format and getting members to talk
Designated word, phrase, or number
Word or Phrase

Kinds of Exercises
Creative props -the brain likes novelty

Small Chair
Styrofoam Cups
Rubber Bands
Large Beer Bottle
Make up your own creative exercises
Arts and Crafts

Kinds of Exercises
Common object
Pick an object in the room
Hot air balloon
Common reading
Inspiring and/or thought provoking
Needs to be rather brief—not pages

Kinds of Exercises
First impressions
Adjective checklist
Strength bombardment
Metaphorical Feedback
Written Feedback

Kinds of Exercises
Rounds related to trust
Trust lift
Trust fall
Blind trust walk
Ropes course
Other outdoor activities

Kinds of Exercises
Moral dilemma
On a life raft—who would you eliminate

Group decision-making
Winter Survival
Solving various puzzles

Kinds of Exercises
Okay when appropriately used
Can be very beneficial
Be very careful with these — it is often good to tell members the exercise will involve touching and let members opt out

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