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i. Introduction: Diabetes mellitus results from excessive blood sugar in the body. This condition affects our body’s ability to convert food into energy, which can be long-lasting.

ii. The role nutrition plays in the prevention of Diabetes Mellitus.

a. It is becoming increasingly common for people to develop type 2 diabetes.

b. Diagnosis of Diabetes affects around 6% of the American population.

iii. Etiology

a. Type 1 diabetes

b. Type 2 diabetes

c. Gestational diabetes.

iv. Symptoms

a. Increased thirst

b. Frequent excretion

c. Intense appetite

d. Unknown weight loss.

v. Progression

a. increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, microvascular event, and death.

vi. Treatment

a. Administer insulin

b. Monitoring of glucose level

vii. Recommended diets

a. Fiber diet.

b. Foods with whole grains and low glycemic index (GI)

viii. Nursing Assessment and Interventions

a. Check out the patient’s medical records.

b. Continuous monitoring of blood glucose

ix. Client education and adherence

a. Patients with prediabetes must be advised of their elevated risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

b. Patients with an HbA1c of more than 6% are at a high risk of developing diabetes and should be monitored closely.

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