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Lauren Snipes

MondayMay 9 at 10:20pm

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Quantitative methods include surveys that may be conducted in person, online, or from a mobile source, interviews that include face-to-face or conducted from the telephone, systematic observations, or through longitudinal studies (Zyphur, 2017). When pertaining to Criminal Justice, quantitative methods of research pertain to statistical evaluation of data that has been collected (Backes, 2020). Through the quantitative data, this can help law enforces determine the probability of crime patterns, how number of different crimes happening in area, to keep record of inmates, crime rates, victim rates and repeated offender rates (Backes, 2020). Methods include observing criminal patterns, officers will give surveys to offenders, and when officers record reports the report is calculated for statistical purposes (Backes, 2020).

The strength of conducting quantitative research for Criminal Justice purposes is to calculate and obtain reliable statistics that can help officers prevent crimes through prediction, understanding which areas have higher crime rates, and gathering information so officers understand crime hotspots and which crime is happening the most in what area (Backes, 2020). Since quantitative research focuses on numerical data, this can make it easier for officers to interpret (Backes, 2020).  This means that conclusions are made strictly from the data/numbers that have been collected from the field. If there is a reported that fifty crimes of theft took place in a neighborhood in the past month in a neighborhood, this can allow officers know that this neighborhood has a theft problem because there were fifty different reported cases.

For quantitative research to be ethical, the data collector must have consent to obtain data, the source must be clearly defined, and the data must be presented to visualize or summarize all elements to provide a description of how the data/numbers were collected for the conclusions that were made (Zyphur, 2017). A weakness could be that if officers are not aware of the ethical requirements when collecting quantitative research, they may become penalized, or the research conductor could find themselves in legal trouble (Zyphur, 2017).  Another weakness to quantitative research in Criminal Justice is that each case is different and quantitative data only focuses on statistical information, which neglects the deeper causes of the cases and crimes (Backes, 2020). This means that through quantitative data, law enforcement may know that a certain crime is taking place within a neighborhood, but this does not explain the who, why, and how.

When pertaining to how academicians can use data analysis to inform public decisions, the solution is through learning about the majority answer (Powell, 2020). Quantitative research can be done through surveys, and this allows public figures to learn about the true answers and responses from the public (Powell, 2020). Surveys can be conducted to each resident within an area and the public figure would be able to make decisions from those who are living in the area (Powell, 2020). If a decision was going to be made about a neighborhood, the quantitative research that is collected will allow the public figures to learn about what the majority wanting within their area (Powell, 2020). When educating public leaders on the application of quantitative methods, it is wise to introduce the purpose of the research, express each part of the research study, and explain each step of the research process (Craig, 2018). To educate public leaders, it is important to present what research method is being used (Groeneveld, 2014). It is also wise to understand if administration already uses quantitative methods and if the are distributed equally (Groeneveld, 2014). It is important to acknowledge questions of how quantitative research methods are already used, the dominance of the methods from the quantitative public administration research, and which part of administration frequented uses quantitative research.  

In Proverbs 14:15, it teaches that it is one thing to believe everything that one is presented with; however, those who are wise will seek out the truth (New King James Bible, 1895, Proverbs 14:15). This means that it is important to seek out information and it is through research that the trust can be found. In Proverbs 12:17, it teaches that the truth is what gives accurate evidence, but the be aware of false witnesses (New King James Bible, 1895, Proverbs 12:17). This means that those seeking information and conducting research should be aware of those who are not giving accurate answers.

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