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Unit 10
1.
Field research that deals with
crime is best served by focusing upon crimes that are visible such as drug
selling or prostitution.
2.
Which of the following
guidelines are not appropriate for completing field notes?
3.
Kim, while doing field research
with a police department begins to become more sympathetic to officers’
behavior. She would be considered to be:

4.
When doing field research,
researchers should be aware that sampling dimensions can be impacted by the
varying behavior of people affected by the:
5.
The letter to a formal
organization should include all of the following topics except
6.
Sponsors, who help a researcher
gain access to a subculture, are also known as:
7.
When it is necessary to study
phenomenon in their natural setting, experiments are the best approach to take.
8.
If you are interested in
studying drug dealers, which of the following would make a good informant to
assist you in gaining access?
9.
Validity is especially weak in
field studies.
10.
If the researcher feels they
will need to ask questions of the subjects, what is the best technique in field
research to use?
11.
Many aspects of physical
settings are probably best studied through
12.
Because field research is
generally considered to be comprehensive in nature, it tends to ensure the
observations are more:
13.
Interviews in field research
which are somewhat structured (as opposed to unstructured) would be appropriate
for use on which group?
14.
Finding the right sponsor in a
formal organization is often the most important step in gaining access.
15.
One way to gain access to a
subculture would be to
16.
Which of the following is not
true concerning a sponsor?
17.
To gain access to a formal
criminal justice organization for the purpose of conducting field research
which of the following steps should be followed?
18.
If you wanted to study
juveniles who steal cars, who would serve as your best informant?
19.
Recording graffiti might be
best accomplished through:
20.
Which of the following is
appropriate for gaining access to criminal justice subcultures such as active
criminals, deviants, or juvenile gangs?
21.
In which of the following
situations would unstructured interviewing techniques be appropriate?
22.
In structured field
observations, the data collection form resembles a survey questionnaire. For
example, the environmental surveys are used for which of the following research
purposes
23.
Field research is not
especially appropriate for topics that:
24.
Field research is often
associated with qualitative techniques.
25.
What role does the sponsor play
in field research?
26.
There are 2 different methods
for obtaining data in field research, asking questions and:
27.
Which of the following is not
something that your letter, as a follow up to identification of the sponsor,
should contain?
28.
Which of the following groups
would be good candidates for snowball sampling when doing field research?
29.
It may be helpful to record
field notes onto highly structured forms created prior to the beginning of the
study.
30.
What is the relationship
between validity and reliability with respect to field research?
31.
Which of the following would
not be an appropriate crime to study using the field research technique?
32.
Which of the following is a
serious consideration for researchers who adopt the role of complete
participant when doing field research?
33.
Which of the following is an
ethical question that needs to be addressed by the researcher?
34.
In what role does the
researcher observes some location or process without becoming a part of it in
any way?
35.
Field research would be most
appropriate for which of the following topics?
36.
Which of the following is
accurate with respect to field research
37.
Which of the following is
accurate concerning data acquired during field research?
38.
Qualitative field research is
very reliable.
39.
Field research uses what
technique to gather data?
40.
What time of the year would be
best to do an observational study of thefts from cars parked at shopping malls?
41.
Which of the following may be a
concern if we are interested in studying “career drug dealers” and we use our
friend from the probation department to act as our informant into that
subculture?
42.
Fortunately, when doing field
research, sampling is very straight forward and you don’t have the concerns
that would be present in survey techniques.
43.
Which of the following would
not be an example of a topic that would lend itself to field research?
44.
Dr. Garcia wants to study
migrant farm workers and how they move from one agricultural job to another. In
order to do this, Dr. Garcia will live and move with the workers for one summer
while they pick strawberries in Florida. What would increase the impact and
generalizability of his study?
45.
Which of the following is false
concerning the use of field notes for recording observations?
1.
Which of the following is not accurate
with respect to the data that agencies collect?

2.
Which of the following
situations would not have an impact upon error in agency records?
3.
Which of the following is
important to remember when using agency records?
4.
NCVS data would be helpful in answering
all of the research questions EXCEPT
5.
Social artifacts such as
written documents or articles from newspapers would be best understood using
which of the following?
6.
Which of the following is not
an advantage of using secondary data?
7.
Which of the following
statements is most accurate?
8.
By its very nature, secondary
analysis is always unobtrusive.
9.
Understanding the details of
how agency records are produced is one of the accepted means of controlling
reliability and validity problems.
10.
Dr. Jones is having his
Introductory to Criminal Justice students analyze cartoons. He instructs them
to identify the number of violent acts per show, the type of violent act and
the characteristics of the victim. Dr. Jones is having his students use:
11.
If you wanted to measure the
number of date and acquaintance rapes that happen in this country and use UCR
data as your source, what is likely to be your most significant problem?
12.
Dr. Quinn is interested in
studying the amount of overtime worked by police officers. He gains access to
agency personnel files. This is an illustration of which type of data?
13.
The publication produced by the
Bureau of Justice Statistics that includes information about hundreds of
justice agency data sets, characteristics of criminal justice agencies, and
perceptions of crime, to name just a few, is:

14.
Data collected by other
researchers is often used to address new research questions.
15.
Agency records and statistics
published by agencies or governmental entities are most commonly used for which
type of studies?
16.
In an effort to insure that
textbooks for introductory level criminology and criminal justice courses are
gender and race neutral an analysis of the language was undertaken. Which of
the following would be appropriate?
17.
Which of the following would be
an example of agency records that would be appropriate as a source of data for
research?
18.
Which of the following is not
accurate concerning validity and reliability of agency records?
19.
A researcher is interested in
using content analysis to determine how the United States Supreme Court has
changed its interpretation of the 4th Amendment’s “unreasonable” search and
seizure prohibition over time. Which of the following are the units of
analysis?
20.
Which of the following is an example
of content analysis in criminal justice research?
21.
When dealing with the
conceptual problems that emerge from complex relationships between different
units of count, Maxfield and Babbie suggest:
22.
FBI statistics and annual
reports from the Federal Bureau of Prisons are examples of:
23.
Clinic workers in a major
Northwest city have been asked to track the incidence and patterns of STDs in
their patients as part of a research project dealing with public health. They
ask a number of specific questions upon intake but do not ask about their
clients’ sexual partners. The only way to examine patterns in the spread of the
STDs is to add a question to the intake form about the identity of their sexual
partners. The data that was gathered illustrates:
24.
Coding in content analysis
involves the logic of conceptualization and:
25.
Which of the following would
not be an appropriate target of content analysis?
26.
Agency records, secondary data
and content analysis do not require direct interaction with research subjects.
a.

27.
Being able to link an
individual to the agency data collected about him/her is a clear violation of
reliability and validity.
28.
When a researcher uses the term
“silo databases” she is referring to:
29.
In Sherman and colleagues’
research dealing with crime hot spots they chose to use ‘calls for service’ to
local law enforcement as a means of measuring where different types of crimes
happened with greatest frequency. They noted some problems with the use of
calls for service. Which of the following represents those problems?
30.
They underlying meaning of a
communication is it’s:
31.
Which of the following data
sources could not be coded for use in content analysis?
32.
Which of the following would
not be considered appropriate use for agency records?
33.
When using agency records, it
is possible to move from individual to aggregate units of analysis, but not the
other way around.
34.
What factor is most important
when evaluating the reliability and validity of agency records?
35.
It is relatively easy and
common to have agencies modify their data collection forms in order to get
information needed for a specific research project being conducted from someone
outside the agency.
36.
A researcher is interested in
studying the budgeting of money within a police department in a mid-sized American
city. She gains access to the department’s detailed records of expenditures and
human resources. This is an example of which type of agency records, as
described in the text?
37.
Which of the following is not
an example of nonpublic agency records?
38.
Content analysis involves the
systematic study of agency records.
39.
In which of the following
analyses is content analysis least likely to be used?
40.
Which of the following is most
accurate with respect to published statistics?

41.
You are analyzing data that has
been collected in annual waves for the past twenty years. Which of the
following might be problematic in this type of analysis?
42.
Being able to benefit from the
work of topflight professionals and esteemed academics is an advantage of
using:
43.
Since criminal justice record
keeping is a social process reflecting the decisions made by criminal justice
personnel, a researcher must be careful of the impact this may have on the
validity and reliability of the data.

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