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Unit 8
1.
A good way to avoid sampling
bias in the assessment of public opinion about a specific criminal justice
topic is to employ the use of a radio call-in show since those who call radio
talk shows represent everyone in the population.
2.
Under what conditions would it
be appropriate to use a snowball sampling technique?
3.
Sampling is the process
of:
4.
A basic principle of
probability sampling is that a sample will be representative of the population
from which it is drawn if:
5.
Which of the following is the
best example of the use of judgmental sampling?
6.
The unit about which
information is gathered and forms the basis for analysis is known as a:
7.
Reliance on available subjects
can be an appropriate sampling method if:
8.
When a researcher uses a
multistage cluster sampling technique they must repeat several sets including:
9.
The bell-shaped curve is
representative of:
10.
Quota samples, judgmental
samples, snowball samples and reliance on available subjects are all examples
of:
11.
When a researcher uses a
stratified sampling technique, they
12.
What is the relationship
between sampling error and sample size?
13.
The purpose of sampling is to
select a set of elements from a population in such a way that the descriptions
of the sample statistics accurately portray the parameters of the population.
This is best achieved through use of:
14.
In order to study active
criminals who have not been arrested for their criminal acts, the researcher
would be wise to employ which type of sampling technique?
15.
Stratified sampling results in
a greater degree of representativeness but at the same time increases the
probable sampling error.
16.
Which of the following is not
accurate with respect to probability sampling?
17.
The range of sample statistics
obtained when many samples are selected is called
18.
When using probability
sampling, researchers generalize from observed cases to unobserved ones.
19.
Which of the following is not a
reason for using random selection methods in selecting samples?
20.
Reporters from your local
television news affiliate frequently ask people on a pedestrian shopping street
during the lunch hour their opinions about criminal justice issues and play the
responses on the 6:00 news. The reporters are using:
21.
When a researcher uses
probability sampling, he/she can:
22.
Which of the following
statements is true concerning the relationship between standard error and
sample size?
23.
The true list of elements in
the population is called the:
24.
Sampling is used because:
25.
If the variable that you are
interested in studying is so rare that it is unlikely to be discovered using
random sampling, what is the best alternative?

26.
Multistage cluster sampling
with stratification, systematic sampling, simple random sampling and disproportionate
stratified sampling are examples of:
27.
Sample statistics are used to:
28.
Which of the following is not
appropriate for use as a sampling frame?
29.
The size of the sample and the
standard error are related in which of the following ways?
30.
The value for a given variable
in a population is a:
31.
A list of all elements in a
population is referred to as the sampling frame.
32.
An RA at a local university
devised a plan to spot check the dorm for illegal drinking by knocking on every
5th door on each floor. What technique was the RA using?
33.
A variable which has two
attributes, such as gender, is what type of variable?
34.
When researching a population
where it is impossible or impractical to compile a list of the elements, what
is the proper sampling technique to use?
35.
The way to remember the
percentages of samples that will fall within one, two and three standard errors
of the parameter are the following:
36.
Your criminal justice class
requires a study of the success of your state’s drug courts. The professor
suggests that you first select 10 counties from your state. From those ten
counties you will select the two largest cities from each. Finally the drug
courts in each of the cities will be monitored to measure success. What type of
sampling design did your professor suggest?
37.
National Crime Victimization
Survey and the British Crime Survey both use the following technique to gather
data?
38.
Dwayne wanted to find out what
the citizens of Canton think about a proposed law that would require sex
offenders to be treated in the community in lieu of prison confinement and he
decided to randomly call people listed in the phone book. What is his sampling
frame?
39.
If a researcher has a list of
10,000 elements and wants to sample 1000 and selects every 10th element she is
using:
40.
Which method begins with a
matrix or table describing the characteristics of a target population?
41.
Confidence levels allow the
researcher to have some idea of how closely their samples reflect the
parameter. Which of the following statements about confidence levels is not
true?
42.
When no reasonable sampling
frame exists and a probability sample cannot be drawn, at least estimates about
the sample accuracy are available through nonprobability samples.
43.
Which sampling method is
commonly used to pretest a questionnaire?
44.
When a research chooses a
sample that is not typical of a large population this is known as:
45.
If you did not have the
sampling frame of your population but still wanted to use a probability
sampling technique for statistical reasons, you should select what type of
sample?
46.
Random selection permits the
researcher to link findings from a sample to the body of probability theory in
order to estimate the accuracy of those findings.
47.
Cluster sampling is a very
efficient tool, but the efficiency means a less accurate sample since with each
cluster there is a chance for sampling error.
Unit 9
1.
Which of the following is not
an advantage of the use of matrix questions?
2.
Probably the most important
ability for interviewers to have is the ability to:
3.
If, on a questionnaire, a
respondent is asked “what do you feel is the most important crime problem
facing the policy in your city today” they are being asked what type of
question?
4.
In all but which of the
following situations would a survey be the appropriate method of gathering
data?
5.
It is usually best to begin a
self-administered questionnaire with:
6.
Which of the following
represents a negative item?
7.
When dealing with sensitive
issues it may be more effective to use a self administered questionnaire.
8.
What would be considered the
minimum level for an adequate response rate for analysis and reporting of
questionnaires?
a.

9.
Surveys may be used for
descriptive, explanatory and applied research.
10.
Bias in questions can be
established in which of the following ways?
11.
The National Crime
Victimization Survey can be used to evaluate local crime prevention programs.
12.
Specialized interviewing will
consist of which of the following?
13.
For research that seeks to
explore or explain why people commit criminal, delinquent, or deviant acts,
which is the best method available?
14.
Which of the following
questions is best for a survey?
15.
Face-to-face interviews are
best for complex questions and other specialized needs.
16.
Which of the following
represent targeted victims surveys?
17.
What procedures can help to
guard against a socially desirable response when using self-report items?
18.
In the interest of being
unambiguous and precise, survey questions should:
19.
Surveys that are designed for
more than one purpose are known as?
20.
The National Jail Census
collects information every five years about federal prisons.
21.
“Do you support the reduction of property
taxes and the construction of a state prison near Atlanta?” is an example of
what sort of question?
22.
In most cases the following
months should be avoided when mailing questionnaires:
23.
Which of the following make
surveys a good choice for doing research?
24.
There are two basic options for
researchers when asking questions; open-ended or closed-ended.
25.
Inexperienced researchers tend
to fear that their questionnaires will look:
26.
Focus groups are most
useful
27.
Questions that encourage
respondents to answer in a particular way are known as:
28.
“What is your opinion on the death penalty?”
is an example of which type of question?
29.
Which of the following is not
collected routinely by the British Crime Survey?
30.
Which of the following would is
an accepted method for increasing response rates in mailed surveys?
31.
Which of the following have
been identified as advantages of the use of computer assisted
interviewing?
32.
What are the basic ways of
administering questionnaires?
33.
Which is a potential problem
when using self-report surveys with high-rate offenders?
34.
first opens their door, the
interviewer must establish?
35.
If a researcher tries to assess
criminal victimization of the poor and disadvantaged, rather than using the
term “welfare” in her questionnaire, which of the following is less biased?
36.
In general, the longer a
potential respondent delays replying:
37.
Surveys are best suited for
studies that have what as their units of analysis?
38.
One of the following is not
accurate with respect to the construction of questionnaire items. Which one is
inaccurate?
39.
Which of the following
statements is not true concerning surveys?

40.
Which of the following represent
advantages to the use of computer aided interviews
41.
In general, survey research is:
42.
As a general rule the
interviewer should dress:
43.
Closed ended questions are
useful because
44.
Focus groups usually consist of
15 to 20 people.
45.
Which of the following
represent special problems when giving a self-report questionnaire to an
incarcerated population?
.
46.
“What is your gender?
______male _______female” is an example of which type of question?
47.
Contingency questions are
appropriate when:
48.
Which of the following is not
an example of an advantage of computer assisted in-person interviews?
49.
Which of the following is not
an advantage of telephone surveys?
50.
In contrast to interviews,
self-administered questionnaires have the advantages of:

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