Dr. Quinn is interested in who
is least likely to show up for their trial; those who bond out of jail with the
help of a bondsman or those placed in a court sponsored pre-trial release
program. The results of the study indicate that those inmates released using a
bail bondsmen had a lower failure to appear at trial rate than those using
court sponsored pre-trial release. The findings of the study are used to close
the expensive court run pre-trial release program. This study is an example of
what type of research?
Which of the following cannot
be studied scientifically?
The more a person drinks and
drives the more likely they are to be pulled over for DUI. This is an example
Much of the current social
science research has moved from description to:
The three main elements in the
traditional model of science include theory, operationalization, and:
When the relationship between
two variables is deduced from a theory, it is said to be:
Dr. Smith is doing an
observational study in a local jail and discovers that inmates who are
respectful to the correctional officers get more telephone calls than inmates
who are disrespectful. What technique has been employed in the study?
Which of the following is most
The ecological approach to
understanding crime suggests that human behavior is partially the result of the
physical and social environment where the behavior takes place.
“All people are mortal, therefore Socrates is
mortal” is an example of which type of logic?
An axiom is a type of
Which of the following
illustrates the relationship between a theory and a paradigm?
In deductive reasoning, one
starts from a general law and applies that law to a particular instance.
If grades go up as the number
of study hours go up, this is called what type of relationship?
Townsley and associates
proposed that just as disease spreads, crime spreads, they referred to this as:
The concept of “observation” in
the language of science means
Defensible Space is:
Which of the following is an example of
situational crime prevention techniques?
Which type of research
frequently involves the inductive method?
Which of the following is
generally recognized as an ethical procedure for subject/participant selection?
Confidentiality and anonymity
mean the same thing so they can be used interchangeably
A local university is hosting
the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) for a large group of prospective law
students. Since there is such a large group taking the test, some professors of
sociology from the local university decide to administer a questionnaire to the
group asking their ideas on teenage sexual promiscuity. Which ethical
consideration was not considered?
Which of the following is not
considered a requirement of informed consent?
Which of the following may
present an ethical issue where voluntary participation is concerned?
A researcher may face legal
Virtually all research that
uses human subjects is:
When a survey is confidential
rather than anonymous
Which statement is the most
Social research may cause
psychological harm or embarrassment in people who are asked to reveal
information about themselves.
Sources of distinction between
“right and “wrong” include:
Immunity as part of federal
protection from legal action requires
Webster’s New World dictionary
(4th ed.) defines ethical as “conforming to the standards of conduct of a given
profession or group.”
The Humphrey’s study involved
In order to protect prisoners
since they are a special population, researchers should do all of the following
Explicitly telling people that
their participation is voluntary is
If a researcher uses only those
subjects who volunteer for a study, then which of the following may result?
The value of institutional
review boards includes which of the following?
Ethical issues surrounding the
prison simulation include all of the following except
Which of the following is
necessary in order to establish informed consent of research subjects?
As a principle, possible harm
to subjects may be justified when the potential benefits of the study outweigh
the possible harm.
Which of the following have the
potential to present ethical dilemmas/challenges to researchers?
Which of the following comes
closest to the purpose of an institutional review board?
Prisoners are considered as a
special population because they are
It is unethical to withhold an
experimental treatment from someone who is very sick.
Which of the following is a
technique that works well when interviewing subjects about topics that may be
emotionally or psychologically challenging?
When information is gathered by
researchers and there are no identifying characteristics allowing the
researchers to match up results to individual subjects, this illustrates:
The research goal of voluntary
participation may be impossible to follow.
The National Crime
Victimization Survey prevents researchers of the public from having information
on a victim’s
According to federal
regulations, which of the following represent special populations for purposes
of criminal justice research?
Many police departments around
the country now have the ability to produce crime maps identifying where crimes
happen. Are there any problems with giving the public access to these maps?
Which of the following is not
considered a special population that requires more careful treatment?
Which of the following statements
You are conducting research
dealing with recreational marijuana use. You plan to ask questions of subjects
brought into the laboratory and in order to pay them you need their name and
address. You tell the subjects that you plan not to reveal their answers to
your questions. What type of technique are you using?
Crime surveys where respondents
are asked about their experiences as victims of crime have the potential to
With regard to drug formulation
research, which of the following is a consequence of not publishing
unsuccessful research findings?
The promise of anonymity in a
mailed survey would be especially important if the subject of that survey was
Attempts to guard against harm
to the participants in the simulated prison were accomplished by all of the
Haney, Banks and Zimbardo
designed a simulated prison to measure
A promise of anonymity is
unlikely to be extended in which of the following techniques?