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Unit 1
1.
What method is known as the
science of finding out?
2.
If you have concluded that a
particular pattern exists and have developed a general understanding of why you
may be tempted to ignore facts in the future that don’t fit
3.
Which of the following would be
best ex. Of the potential for inaccurate observations in the criminal justice
system
4.
Traditional beliefs about
patrol effectiveness, response time, and detective work are examples of
5.
What is the science of knowing?
6.
The major distinction between quantitative
and qualitative data is the distinction between?
7.
What are the 4 purposes of
research?
8.
The independent variable is
assumed to depend on or be caused by the dependent variable
9.
If the independent variable in
the cause then the dependent variable is the
10.
In social science, rather than
focusing upon an individual, we look at a whole group known as:
11.
If gender is the variable, male
is the
12.
Your college has implemented a
new policy on campus regarding underage drinking. You want to evaluate the
effects. The purpose of this research is?
13.
When you seek to explain a
phenomenon by looking at a variety of reasons for it rather than a single one,
your using
14.
Values of the dependent
variable depend on the
15.
At the outset, most
observations are
16.
When we do a study to determine
why people have different opinions on the same topic, what is the purpose for
the study?
17.
A vast number of norms and
rules in society create
18.
Inductive reasoning moves you
from
19.
We can understand something by
knowing the why before the what
20.
Social science cannot settle
debates on
21.
When you repeat a study to see
if you achieve similar results, you are doing?
22.
Social regularities represent
23.
2 pillars of science are
24.
Deductive reasoning moves you
from
25.
When taking conscious and
deliberate steps to insure what you are looking for is what you intend to look
at, you avoid
26.
When we attempt to gather base
line data, usually because of new law, the purpose of our research is
27.
Selective observation is a
danger of overgeneralization
28.
Characteristics or qualities
that describe an object known as
29.
When we generate a theory from
a large amount of data, we are using what type of reasoning?
30.
Casual human inquiry is a more
rigorous way of investigation than probability and causality
31.
What are 3 major aspects of the
overall scientific enterprise
zTheory, data
collection, data analysis
32.
Research into crime is related
to ideology and politics in the following manner
33.
During observation, if you
choose to follow” the exception that proves the rule” you have made what error
34.
Value is a relative concept and
cannot be settled by science
35.
The keystone of inquiry is
observation
36.
Greater detail and meaning is
found in what type of data
37.
Of hair color and blonde, which
is the attribute
38.
Which of the following is not a
subject that can be studied effectively?
39.
One way social science differs
from our casual day-to-day inquiry is
40.
Prediction can be made better
by observation and remembering regular
Unit 2
1.
Which of the following is not
an example of a hypothesis?

2.
Which of the following is an
example of subjectivity?
3.
Research on a criminal justice
related policy is an example of
4.
A paradigm and a theory refer
to two different things. The paradigm is a fundamental model or scheme that
organizes our view of something.
5.
Operationalization involves
which of the following?
6.
Which of the following is
accurate with respect to induction?
7.
Which of the following is
another word for objectivity?
8.
Which of the following is not
an example of a hypothesis?
9.
Criminal Justice and human
behavior can be studied scientifically.
10.
Which of the following best
applies to the statement that science is always objective?
11.
A hypothesis is a specified
expectation about an empirical reality derived from axioms.
12.
A conclusion drawn about the
relationships among concepts, based on the logical interrelationship among the
axioms is:
13.
In an inductive approach to
policy development, the final step is
14.
You count the number of
students registered for your research methods class. This is an example of:
15.
In the concentric zone theory
of the “Chicago School” the zone of transition is characterized by:
16.
This term represents a set of
concepts and the proposed relationships among these; a structure that is
intended to represent or model something about the world.
17.
Grounded theories refer to
which of the following?
18.
Which of the following cannot
be studied scientifically in the field of criminal justice?
19.
Observation involves all of the
following except:
a.

20.
Which of the following is an
axiom?
21.
In deduction we reason toward
observations; in induction we reason from observations.

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