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1. Match the change in brain
development that occurs during adolescence with the likely outcome. (p. 310)
Change
in Brain Development
a. New
developments in the prefrontal cortex
b. Continuing
myelination of nerve fibers
c. Synaptic
pruning

Outcome
1. (b) faster connectivity and communication
among different areas of the brain
2. (c) the use of certain pathways over
others
3. (a) improvement in a variety of
coordinating and executive functions

2. Match the kind of egocentrism
observed in a stage with its description. (pp. 312-313)
Egocentrism
a. egocentrism in the sensorimotor period
b. egocentrism in the preoperational period
c. egocentrism in the transition from concrete operational
to formal operational thought

Description
1. (c) inability
to recognize that others may not share one’s own hypothetical system
2. (b) inability
to separate one’s own perspective from that of a listener
3. (a) inability
to separate one’s actions from their effects on specific people or objects

3. Using
the Udry and Billy Model, match the dimensions that account for transition to
first coitus with the components of that dimension. (p. 326)
Dimensions
a. motivation
b. social controls
c. attractiveness

Components of Each Dimension
1. (b) Religious Values
2. (c) Popularity
3. (a) hormone levels

4. Match the term and its definition.
Term
a. secular
growth trend
b. formal
operations
c. egocentrism
d. alienation
e. peer
pressure
f. group
identity

Definition
1. (d) lack
of connection or sense of belonging with a social group
2. (e) expectations and demands to conform
to the norms of one’s peer group
3. (a) a tendency for earlier onset of
puberty and achievement of adult height from one
generation to the next
4. (b) a stage of cognitive development
characterized by reasoning, hypothesis
generating, and hypothesis testing

5. (c) a belief that others reason about
situations in the same way, using the same logic
that you use
6. (f) a
sense of group belonging in which one’s special needs are met and one has a
sense of social connection.

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