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1. The period of
physical development when the reproductive system matures is called ______.
a. menopause
b. puberty
c. plasticity
d. couvade

2. Which pattern best characterizes the physical changes
associated with puberty?
a. The height spurt
occurs earlier for girls than for boys.
b. The height spurt
occurs earlier for boys than for girls.
c. Menarche is the
first sign of pubertal change for girls.
d. The presence of
facial hair is the first sign of pubertal change for boys.

3. Which of the
following best describes physical maturation for adolescent males?
a. includes increased
height, weight and muscle mass
b. occurs two years
earlier than for females
c. is characterized by
a uniform growth rate in all body parts
d. is usually
accompanied by high levels of anxiety and dread
,

4. One consequence of the secular trend is that children
______________.
a. are more
intelligent today than they were 100 years ago
b. are shorter than
they were in the past
c. are more likely to
be members of peer groups today than they were 100 years ago
d. reach adult height
earlier today than they did 100 years ago

5. In
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, ______ is considered the final stage,
which includes
increased
abstract thinking and hypothesis testing.
a. sensorimotor intelligence
b. preoperational thought
c. formal operational thought
d. concrete operational thought

6. Which of the following is considered an example of
egocentrism in early adolescence?
a. Adolescents cannot
separate actions from their effects.
b. Adolescents cannot
separate their perspective from that of the listener.
c. Adolescents assume
that others share their hypothetical construction of reality.
d. Adolescents are
actively seeking stimulation and risk.

7. Which of the following is a
criticism of the concept of formal operational thought?
a. as children reach puberty, they all
use formal reasoning
b. formal reasoning is not necessary
for effective problem solving
c. formal reasoning is not a broad enough concept to
encompass all the dimensions along which
cognitive functioning matures
d. in modern times, adolescents don’t
like learning methods that require rote memorization

8. Adolescents
show noticeably different levels of aggression and depression. Problems that
result from directing aggression outward toward harming others are known as
________ problems.
a. neurotic
b. internalizing
c. self-destructive
d. externalizing

9. Symptoms of
worrying, moodiness, crying, difficulty sleeping, and loss of interest in daily
activities are associated with
_____________.
a. anorexia nervosa
b. delinquency
c. egocentrism
d. depression

10. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
a. For adolescents,
carrying a gun is linked to starting fights and feeling that shooting people is

justified in
certain circumstances.
b. Equal numbers of
boys and girls carry guns to school.
c. For adolescents,
carrying a gun is no different from carrying a knife. They are both linked to a

motivation for
peer dominance and power.
d. Carrying a weapon
to school is very rare and observed only among extremely violent youth.

11. Which of the
following is offered as an explanation for why depression is more often
observed among adolescent girls
than boys?
a. depression is
associated with fluctuations in estrogen
b. adolescent girls
have more problems than adolescent boys
c. girls take the problems of their family and friends more
to heart, leading to more emotional
distress
d. depression is associated with fluctuations in estrogen
and girls take their family and friends’ problems more to heart

12. What does it mean to
say that adolescent peer groups haveboundaries?
a. you can see the
edge of the group when they walk along the halls of the school
b. there are unspoken
rules about who is included in the group
c. academic goals and
achievement levels differentiate the groups
d. the groups differ
in their access to money and other resources

13. In the transition to coitus, which of the following factors
is associated with having a less
permissive attitude toward premarital sex
and a greater willingness to delay sexual activity?
a. early entry into
puberty
b. low academic
aspirations
c. strong religious
values
d. living in a step
family

14. Which statement best
describes the consequences of adolescent childbearing?
a. teen childbearing
increases the likelihood of living in poverty by age 27
b. teen childbearing
increases the likelihood of getting early and consistent prenatal care
c. teen childbearing
is associated with the birth of larger, healthier babies
d. teen mothers are
more likely to finish high school than teens who get pregnant and have an
abortion

15. A positive sense of ___________ provides an early
adolescent with confidence that he or she is
meaningfully connected to society, has a cognitive
map of the characteristics of the social
landscape, and the skills to successfully engage in
social life.
a. social referencing
b. group identity
c. social attachment
d. role enactment

16. What is the
psychosocial crisis of early adolescence?
a. generativity versus
stagnation
b. group identity
versus alienation
c. individual identity
versus identity confusion
d. hope versus
diffidence

17. By resolving the psychosocial crisis of early adolescence
in a positive direction, a young person
gains confidence that he or she _______________
a. has achieved formal
operational thought and can successfully use the related skills.
b. is able to graduate
from high school and attend college.
c. can maintain
egocentrism in the face of conflicting opinions.
d. is meaningfully
connected to valued social groups.

18. What is one likely
outcome of alienation during early adolescence?

a. a keen sense of
group belonging
b. the development of
a sense of industry
c. uneasiness in the
presence of peers
d. increased
understanding about peer pressure

19. Why is a sense of
ethnic group identity heightened in early adolescence?
a. adolescents
encounter new sanctions against cross-race friendships and dating
b. minority
adolescents are highly valued within their peer group
c. there are few
differences in values between parents and peers
d. the majority
culture acknowledges the contributions of ethnic groups as part of its heritage

20. How do adolescents
describe their parents’ views about their alcohol use? Teens believe that ______________
a. parents accept their
teens’ drinking as a normal part of experimentation
b. parents definitely
disapprove of teens who drink alcohol daily
c. parents consider
teens’ daily drinking as risky but acceptable
d. parents are
generally unaware of their teens’ use of alcohol.

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