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101. The self-consciousness and egocentrism common in early
adolescence is likely to result in experiences of ____________________.
a. formal operational reasoning
b. alienation
c. social support
d. peer group membership

102. Alienation associated with issues of may occur when early adolescents are forced
to take on roles to which they do not subscribe.
a. common bond
b. common identity
c. ethnicity
d. identity confusion

103. Alienation associated with issues of
common bond occurs when adolescents are ________.
a. unable to form interpersonal ties
that provide feelings of acceptance or emotional support
b. forced to comply with group
expectations to which they do not subscribe
c. members of so many groups that they
can’t become loyal to any of them
d. so tied to their families that they
fail to gain membership in a peer group

104. In what way might experiences of alienation be important for
the formation of group and individual identity?
a. They help teens appreciate how good
social acceptance feels.
b. They help the young person see the
self against the backdrop of the group.
c. The
discomfort of not fitting in helps the young person recognize the
distinctiveness of his or her point of view.
d. all of these
105. As a member of a group, an adolescent perceives that she is
expected to behave in certain ways. This
is called ______________________.
a. peer pressure
b. alienation
c. ethnicity
d. egocentrism

106. Which of the following statements about
peer pressure is most accurate?
a. Peer
groups demand total conformity. There is
little room for variations in temperament or behavior.
b. Most
peer groups do not expect any significant level of conformity. They usually have an “anything
goes” philosophy.
c. Peer
pressure is usually exerted in a few select areas that give the group stability
and help the individual members achieve a sense of group identity.
d. Adolescents are usually in great
conflict with most of the expectations of their peer group.

107. Peers often use teasing, gossip, and sarcasm to influence
others’ attitudes and behavior. This is called ____.
a. normative
regulation
b. bullying
c. modeling
d. direct
suggestion

108. Susceptibility to peer pressure appears
to be greatest at about the ages of __________.

a. 10-12
b. 13-14
c. 15-16
d. 17-18
109. Recognizing that some aspects of one’s thoughts, feelings,
and actions are influenced by one’s ethnic heritage is evidence of
_______________________.
a. discrimination
b. cultural continuity
c. peer pressure
d. ethnic-group identity

110. A positive resolution of the psychosocial crisis of group
identity versus alienation results in the achievement of the prime adaptive ego
quality of ____________________.
a. intimacy
b. isolation
c. friendship
d. fidelity to others

111. Stacey discusses her concerns about her aging parents and her
sense of duty and responsibility to them. What she is expressing is called
__________________.
a. filial obligation
b. parental responsibility
c. care taker rights
d. none of these

112. Experts
say that what drives young people to join gangs are_____________.
a. poverty
b. the desire to belong
c. the desire to be loved and
recognized
d. all of the these

113. Which term refers to the sense of separateness, withdrawal
from others, and an inability to experience the bond of mutual acceptance?
a. individuality
b. separation anxiety
c. dissociation
d. distance regulation

114. About what percent of adolescents in the United States try an
illegal drug (not including alcohol) by their senior year in high school?
a. 75%
b. 50%
c. 25%
d. 10%

115. Roughly what percent of eighth graders
in the U.S. say they have been drunk at least once?
a. 75%
b. 50%
c. 25%
d. 15%

116. Alcohol may be associated with
adolescent death in which of the following conditions?
a. social drinking
b. when used in combination with
driving
c. when used before the age of 18
d. alcohol
doesn’t contributes to adolescent death rates in any significant way

117. Adolescents may use alcohol in social
situations because it has the effect of __________.
a. making one sleepy and clumsy
b. making one noisy and obnoxious
c. reducing self-consciousness
d. reducing one’s motor coordination

118. For both adults and adolescents, what is
the most common explanation for why they use alcohol?
a. so they will fit in with their
friends
b. so they can forget about pressure
and stress
c. it’s a good way to celebrate
d. so they can get to sleep

119. In a comparison of sixth and seventh grade males, which
ethnic group reported the greatest percentage of alcohol use?
a. African-Americans
b. Cubans
c. other Hispanics (not Cuban)
d. European Americans

120. Which family variable is a strong
predictor of alcohol use among teens 12-13 years old?
a. being home alone 20 times or more
in a month
b. being in a single parent family
c. being an only child
d. being in a family where alcohol is
used at family celebrations

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