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21. Sexual harassment is
unethical because it violates an important part of which approach to ethical
behavior?

a.

The utilitarian
approach

b.

The individualism
approach

c.

The justice
approach

d.

The moral-rights
approach

e.

The defensive
approach

22. The ethical decision approach that requires persons to be guided
by standards of equity, fairness and impartiality is the

a.

moral-rights
approach.

b.

individualism
approach.

c.

utilitarian
approach.

d.

justice approach.

e.

discretionary
responsibility.

23. The moral rights approach that deals with performing experimental
treatment on unconscious trauma patient is the

a.

right of free
consent.

b.

right to privacy.

c.

right of freedom of
conscience.

d.

right of free
speech.

e.

right of due
process.

24. Which of the following is not a concern to managers under the
justice approach?

a.

Compensatory
justice

b.

Distributive
justice

c.

Procedural justice

d.

Obstructive justice

e.

All of these

25. Disk Replacement Services has just completed a procedure manual to
handle employee grievances. One of the main criteria is to make it clear to
employees that rules will be administered fairly and consistently. Disk
Replacement operates on

a.

the procedural
justice approach.

b.

the utilitarian
approach.

c.

the individual
approach.

d.

the defensive
approach.

e.

the free-choice approach.

26. Which of these refers to procedural justice?

a.

The concept that
different treatment of people should not be based on arbitrary
characteristics

b.

The concept that
rules should be clearly stated and consistently and impartially enforced

c.

The concept that
individuals should be compensated for the cost of their injuries by the party
responsible

d.

The concept that
people should be treated differently

e.

None of these

27. The concept that the party responsible should compensate
individuals for the cost of their injuries is referred to as

a.

distributive
justice.

b.

injury justice.

c.

procedural justice.

d.

organizational
justice.

e.

compensatory
justice.

28. The thinking underlying the domain of ____ is the closest to the
justice approach.

a.

social
responsibility

b.

free choice

c.

law

d.

discretionary
responsibility

e.

ethics

29. Most of the laws guiding human resource management are based on
the

a.

utilitarian
approach.

b.

moral-rights
approach.

c.

individualism
approach.

d.

justice approach.

e.

collectivism
approach.

30. ____ is NOT included in the model of personal moral development
described in your text.

a.

Preconventional
level

b.

Conventional level

c.

Principled level

d.

Postconventional
level

e.

All of these are
included in the model

31. In what stage of personal moral development is a person mostly
concerned with external rewards and personal consequences of an action?

a.

Preconventional

b.

Conventional

c.

Principled

d.

Discretionary

e.

None of these

32. Most people have learned to conform to expectations of good
behavior expected by colleagues, family, friends, and society. They are in what
stage of moral development?

a.

Preconventional

b.

Conventional

c.

Discretionary

d.

Principled

e.

Traditional

33. The ____ leadership style matches with the preconventional level
of personal moral development.

a.

autocratic

b.

team oriented

c.

servant leadership

d.

guiding/encouraging

e.

transforming

34. ____ matches with the preconventional level of personal moral
development.

a.

Work group
collaboration

b.

Task accomplishment

c.

Empowered employees

d.

Full participation

e.

Transforming

35. Which of these employee behaviors matches with the conventional
level of personal moral development?

a.

Task accomplishment

b.

Empowered employees

c.

Work group
collaboration

d.

Full participation

e.

Act in own interest

36. Which of the following stages is the stage of personal moral
development in which an individual develops an internal set of standards and
values?

a.

Preconventional

b.

Conventional

c.

Principled

d.

Discretionary

e.

Social

37. People making decisions based on an internal set of beliefs that
has more meaning to them than the expectations of others

a.

are in the
preconventional level of moral development.

b.

are in the
conventional level of moral development.

c.

are in the
principled level of moral development.

d.

do not care what
people think of them.

e.

none of these.

38. ____ matches with the postconventional level of personal moral
development.

a.

Team oriented

b.

Autocratic

c.

Guiding/encouraging

d.

Coercive

e.

Servant leadership

39. Which of these employee behaviors matches with the
postconventional level of personal moral development?

a.

Empowered
employees, full participation

b.

Task accomplishment

c.

Act in own interest

d.

Work group
collaboration

e.

Autocratic

40. The great majority of managers operate at the

a.

preconventional
level.

b.

principled level.

c.

conventional level.

d.

postconventional
level.

e.

autocratic level.

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