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MULTIPLE
CHOICE

1. Which of the following refers to the code of
moral principles and values that govern behaviors with respect to what is right
and wrong?

a.

Social
responsibility

b.

Free domain

c.

Ethics

d.

Codified law

e.

Discretionary
responsibility

2. An organization’s decision to produce a new
product is in the

a.

domain of codified law.

b.

domain of free
choice.

c.

domain of ethics.

d.

domain of
compensatory justice.

e.

domain of social
responsibility.

3. Which of the following is an individual who
must make an ethical choice in an organization?

a.

The symbolic leader

b.

An obstructive
manager

c.

The defensive
individual

d.

The moral agent

e.

An authoritarian
manager

4. Sharon is a manager at Softest Tissue
Corporation. She is faced with an interesting problem. One of her employees has
been cheating the company out of expense money. Sharon must decide whether or
not to fire this employee. In this role, Sharon is acting as

a.

a moral agent.

b.

an ethical
theorist.

c.

a symbolic leader.

d.

an authoritarian
leader.

e.

an obstructive
manager.

5. The assumption that “If it’s not
illegal, it must be ethical,” ignores which of the following?

a.

Domain of codified
law

b.

Domain of ethics

c.

Domain of free
choice

d.

Discretionary
responsibility

e.

Domain of symbolism

6. A situation that arises when all alternative
choices or behaviors have been deemed undesirable because of the potentially
negative ethical consequences, making it difficult to distinguish right from
wrong, is considered

a.

a moral agent.

b.

a social
responsibility.

c.

an ethical dilemma.

d.

an ethical
standard.

e.

discretionary
responsibility.

7. A normative approach to ethical decision
making

a.

reduces ethical
dilemmas to easy-to-understand formulas.

b.

uses various
approaches to describe guiding values for decisions.

c.

states that
everyone must use their employer’s value system at work.

d.

dictates only one
way to choose to resolve dilemmas.

e.

none of these.

8. Which
approach is the ethical concept that moral behaviors produce the greatest good
for the greatest number?

a.

Defensive

b.

Justice

c.

Utilitarian

d.

Individualism

e.

Moral-rights

9. Robbie’s Robots decided to continue
operations at one plant while shutting down another. The decision was justified
on the basis of what was best for the total corporation. This is an example of
the

a.

utilitarian
approach.

b.

individualism
approach.

c.

moral-justice
approach.

d.

justice approach.

e.

illegal approach.

10. Caleb is a manager at Computer-Care Company. He is expected to consider
the effort of each decision alternative on all parties and select the one that
optimizes the satisfaction for the greatest number of people. This is an
example of the

a.

utilitarian
approach.

b.

individualism
approach.

c.

moral-justice
approach.

d.

justice approach.

e.

soft-line
managerial approach.

11. Which ethical approach are companies citing to justify their
policing of employee’s personal habits on and off the job, such as alcohol and
tobacco consumption?

a.

Justice approach

b.

Utilitarian
approach

c.

Individualism
approach

d.

Moral-justice
approach

e.

Discretionary
responsibility

12. The ____ ethic was the basis for the state of Oregon’s decision to
extend Medicaid to 400,000 previously ineligible recipients by refusing to pay
for high-cost, high-risk procedures.

a.

justice

b.

moral-rights

c.

obstructive

d.

individualism

e.

utilitarian

13. When everyone is pursuing self-direction, the greater good is
ultimately served because people learn to accommodate each other in their own
long-term interest is an example of ____.

a.

utilitarian
approach

b.

individualism
approach

c.

moral-justice
approach

d.

justice approach

e.

social
responsibility

14. Which of the following is NOT a normative ethics approach?

a.

Utilitarian
approach

b.

Individualism
approach

c.

Social
responsibility approach

d.

Moral-rights
approach

e.

All of these are
normative approaches as described in the text.

15. The golden rule “do unto others as they would do unto
you” is

a.

an example of the
utilitarian approach to ethical behavior.

b.

representative of
the moral-justice approach to moral decision making.

c.

an example of the
values that guide the individualism approach to ethical behavior.

d.

silly and outdated.

e.

an example of the
justice approach to ethical behavior.

16. Human beings have fundamental rights and liberties that cannot be
taken away by another individual’s decision. This ethical decision making
approach is known as the

a.

utilitarian
approach.

b.

individualism
approach.

c.

moral-rights
approach.

d.

dualism approach.

e.

None of these.

17. The ____ refers to the ethical concept that moral decisions are
those that best maintain the rights of those people affected by them.

a.

individualism
approach

b.

justice approach

c.

utilitarian
approach

d.

moral-rights
approach

e.

discretionary
responsibility approach

18. Which of the following is NOT one of the moral rights that could
be considered during decision-making?

a.

The right to free
consent

b.

The right to invade
privacy

c.

The right to free
speech

d.

The right of
freedom of conscience

e.

The right to life
and safety

19. ____ refers to the concept that different treatment of people
should not be based on arbitrary characteristics.

a.

Procedural justice

b.

Compensatory
justice

c.

Distributive
justice

d.

Organizational
justice

e.

Moral-justice

20. ____ to ethical decision-making is consistent with due process,
free consent, privacy, freedom of conscience and free speech.

a.

Moral-rights
approach

b.

Individualism
approach

c.

Utilitarian
approach

d.

Justice approach

e.

Dual-economic
approach

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