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76. In the study of three ethnic groups, what happened to
relations with parents as peer relations increased in importance during early
a. Family members continued to be the
most central source of love and emotional support.
b. Parents decreased in importance as
peer relations provided more closeness.
c. Adolescents
spent more time at home in interaction with their parents after school and on
d. Family members were only important
for those adolescents who did not have close friends.

77. As adolescents go through puberty,
conflicts with parents .
a. are about basic values
b. increase
c. decrease
d. are started by the father

78. Mild, periodic conflicts between
adolescents and their parents reflect which of the following?
a. adolescent stubbornness as a result
of hormone changes
b. parental rigidity as a result of
c. the influence of friends’ pressures
d. a changing balance of power in the

79. Which of the following was observed in research that
examined the influence of parenting practices on peer group membership?
a. Parents who ignore their children
have children who stay at home more.
b. Parents who emphasize academic
achievement have children who belong to the “popular” crowd.
c. Parents
who love and support their children have children who bring their friends back
to the house after school.
d. Parents
who do little to involve their children in decision-making have children who
are socially rejected.

80. Which of the following is one of the important new aspects
of peer relationships that occurs in early adolescence?
a. sexual interest
b. shared activities
c. best friend relationships
d. the formulation of a social
81. For young people, the transition to sexualized
relationships including learning the art of flirtation, practicing how to
approach, and learning the rules of engagement between the sexes is influenced
by __________.
a. reading “how to” books
b. what they learn in the classroom
c. the norms of the peer group and the
d. innate reflexes that become
manifest at puberty

82. Which of the following is NOT one of the needs of an adolescent that is met by romantic
a. affiliation
b. power
c. attachment
d. sexual

83. In the transition to sexuality in the United States, the
historical trend has been toward which of the following?
a. earlier involvement in sexual intercourse
for boys and later involvement for girls
b. earlier involvement in sexual
intercourse for boys and girls
c. later involvement in sexual
intercourse for boys and girls
d. earlier involvement in sexual
intercourse for girls and later involvement for boys

84. According to the model developed by Udry and Billy, the
three dimensions that contribute to the transition to sexual intercourse in
adolescence are _______________, ______________, and ________________.
a. motivation; impulse; drive
b. motivation; social control;
c. social control; social norms;
social roles
d. attractiveness; popularity;

85. Ann is an adolescent girl whose boyfriend wants to have
sexual intercourse with her. Her decision about whether to do this is closely
related to .

a. her physical attractiveness
b. her hormone levels
c. her parents values and the norms of
her peer group
d. her desire to achieve independence

86. Which of the following is most
accurate concerning sexual-minority youth’s sexual orientation?
a. Self-labeling does not occur until
b. Disclosure occurs almost
immediately after self-labeling.
c. Parental acceptance after
disclosure is very important to well-being and identity development.
d. Disclosure typically occurs first
with family members and then with close friends.

87. A review of government-funded programs in schools that
taught abstinence found that ________.
a. 11 of the 13 programs presented
proven claims
b. sexual intercourse declined for
students in all program
c. the
incidence of sexually transmitted diseases decreased
d. 11
out of 13 programs presented unproven claims, subjective conclusions, and
unproven falsehoods

88. Which of the following is most accurate?
a. Adolescents rarely contract
sexually transmitted diseases.
b. AIDS is the most common sexually
transmitted disease among adolescents.
c. Most young people are interested in
learning more about AIDS.
d. If chlamydia is untreated it may
cause pelvic inflammatory disease that leads to infertility.

89. Of sexually-active adolescent males,
about what percent use contraceptives consistently?
a. 10%
b. 20%
c. 30%
d. 50%

90. For adolescent males, the belief that males have a
responsibility to prevent pregnancy is associated with _____.
a. sexual abstinence
b. embarrassment about sexuality
c. consistent condom use
d. having multiple sex partners

91. Complications during labor and delivery associated with
having a baby at age 19 or younger are most likely a result of which of the
a. inexperience with childbearing
b. poverty and inadequate prenatal
c. inconsistent condom use
d. none of these

92. Most studies of adolescent mothers
find that the child’s father _____________________.
a. abandons the mother and child in
the first month after birth
b. remains active in the child’s life
throughout early childhood and adolescence
c. is a teenager himself
d. remains in contact with the mother
and child

93. Which of the following statements about adolescent
fatherhood is more likely to be endorsed by African American males than by
European American males?
a. If my girlfriend got pregnant, I
would want her to have an abortion.
b. If my girlfriend had a baby, I
would prefer to live with her and the baby.
c. If my girlfriend had a baby, I
would expect her parents to take care of the baby.
d. If
my girlfriend had a baby, I would worry that it would prevent me from going on
with my schooling.
94. Which of the following is considered to be of central
importance to the prevention of early pregnancy for both boys and girls?
a. building
greater confidence in and commitment to the consistent use of contraception as
part of any sexual relationship
b. building
greater social expectations and commitment to assuming the financial and social
responsibilities of parenthood
c. fostering
a sense of self-efficacy and investment in academic goals leading to
post-secondary education
d. creating feelings of guilt about
engaging in sexual intercourse

95. In the process of resolving the psychosocial crisis of
________________, adolescents become psychologically connected to the social
life of their family, school, and community.
a. group identity versus alienation
b. fidelity versus despair
c. intimacy versus isolation
d. industry versus inferiority

96. The groups in which a person aspires
to hold membership are called _______.
a. reference groups
b. membership groups
c. ethnic groups
d. cohort groups

97. Diverse processes such as joining a group, forming in-group
and out-group attitudes, stereotyping, rejecting a group, and exercising
leadership in a group, are all examples of __________.
a. group referencing
b. group reflecting
c. group representations
d. group operations

98. The intensification of emotions that occurs in early
adolescence often contributes to a for adolescents to their groups.
a. distancing process
b. distillation
c. deepening commitment
d. categorization process

99. The formation of group identity
requires which of the following?
a. a sense of having a history of
shared experiences
b. adequate financial resources
c. a sense of sexual adequacy
d. adequate role containment

100. Hammed, who is 15, does not feel that he is a part of any
social group; he is uneasy in the presence of peers. He is experiencing ____________________.
a. group identity
b. fidelity
c. alienation
d. inferiority

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