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41. What
is one important conclusion drawn from research comparing the attachments of
Israeli children to mother, father, and special caregiver (metapelet)?
a. Babies can only form one true
b. The attachment to one’s mother is
more important than the other attachments.
c. Infants can have a variety of
attachment relationships that all contribute to social development differently.
d. All attachment relationships are
the same.

42. Under
which conditions would you expect a 9 month-old baby to make the strongest
protest over separation?
a. The mother leaves the baby in a
laboratory room and closes the door behind her.
b. The mother leaves the baby’s sight
but calls out to the baby from another room.
c. The mother leaves the living room
and walks into the kitchen while the baby stays in the living room.
d. The mother walks from one
laboratory room to an adjoining room while the baby watches.

43. What is the purpose of the Strange
Situation as an experimental procedure?
a. to stimulate the attachment system
and observe it under controlled conditions
b. to stimulate alternative approaches
to emotional regulation and control
c. to help babies reduce their fear of
d. to help parents learn to handle
separation from their infants

44. In the Strange Situation, which of the
following behaviors are generally NOT subjected to systematic observations?
a. interactions
between the baby and the stranger
b. interactions
between the baby and the mother
c. interactions
between the baby and the observer
d. the
baby’s behavior

45. Which
of the following is a characteristic of babies who do NOT have a secure
a. At
home, they cry less than other babies.
b. They
actively explore the environment when their mothers are present.
c. They
avoid contact with their mothers after brief separation.
d. They
interact with strangers while mothers are present.

46. Babies who avoid contact with their
mothers after separation or who ignore her efforts to interact have a(n)
_____________ attachment.
a. secure
b. insecure
c. anxious-resistant
d. anxious-avoidant

47. Which
attachment pattern is linked with the most serious mental health problems in
later childhood?
a. anxious-avoidant
b. anxious-resistant
c. secure
d. disorganized

48. Babies who show a(n) ________ attachment
appear to cry the most in the home situation.
a. anxious-avoidant
b. anxious-resistant
c. secure
d. undeveloped

49. Infants who show an anxious-resistant
attachment appear to have an internal, mental representation of the mother as
a. skewed
and simplistic
b. rejecting
c. accessible
and responsive

50. When
mothers are inconsistent in responsiveness to their babies, the babies are
characterized as______.
a. anxious-avoidant
b. anxious-resistant
c. secure
d. disorganized

51. A mother who can accurately interpret
her baby’s signals and respond appropriately is said to demonstrate
a. sensitivity
b. good
c. inhibited
d. organized

52. What experiences from the past are most
likely to interfere with an adult’s ability to form a secure attachment with an
a. having a mother who responds
promptly to signs of distress
b. being an only child
c. disruption of early attachment
d. lack of a high school diploma

53. In considering the role of culture in
attachment formation, cultural beliefs about infants might be evident in which
of the following?
a. the caregiver’s interpretation of
the urgency of a baby’s cry
b. the caregiver’s age at birth of
first child
c. the caregiver’s marital status
d. the caregiver’s participation in a
traditional marriage ceremony

54. Which statement best reflects the
apparent connection between infant temperament and attachment?
a. The infant’s temperament influences
the kinds of parental responses needed to help the infant form a secure
b. An infant’s temperament is a strong
predictor of the type of attachment that will be formed.
c. The infant’s temperament influences
the caregiver’s self-esteem.
d. Only sociable babies form secure

55. A model of factors affecting a
caregiver’s sensitivity to an infant’s needs includes 4 factors. Which of the
following is NOT included in this model?

a. a caregiver’s own personal life
b. characteristics of the infant
c. urban, rural, or suburban community
d. culture

56. Which of the following statements best
describes the role of early attachments for later behavior?
a. Attachments formed in infancy are
not relevant for understanding relationships in childhood or adolescence.
b. The attachment formed at 12 months
may change dramatically by age 2.
c. A secure attachment can become
insecure but an insecure attachment cannot become secure.
d. Secure attachments are associated
with positive adaptive capacities at 3 to 5 years.

57. Which
of the following has been consistently observed to be a consequence of secure
attachments formed in infancy?
a. success
in job placement after college
b. positive,
close peer relationships in childhood and adolescence
c. meaningful
relationships with one’s grandchildren in later adulthood
d. an
ability to face one’s death without great fear

58. Two
expressions of reactive attachment disorder are ________________.
a. inhibited
and uninhibited type
b. expressive
and unexpressive type
c. inhibited
and expressive type
d. none
of these

59. A
person that is very withdrawn, hypervigilant in social contacts, and resistant
to comfort are considered ____.
a. nonsociable
b. unexpressive
c. inhibited
d. slow-to-warm-up

60. Childhood
attachment has been found to be associated with _______.
a. self-esteem
b. peer
c. romantic
d. all
of the these

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