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1. The
evaluation that is performed twice within the first five minutes of birth is
called ____________.
a. Babynski
reflex test
b. Bayley
Scales of Infant Development
c. the
Infant Visual Perception Test
d. Apgar
scoring method

2. The
purpose of the Apgar score which is calculated twice within the first five
minutes of birth is to _____.
a. measure
infant intelligence
b. measure
the quality of parental investment in the newborn at birth
c. assess
an infant’s life signs to determine the need for intervention at birth
d. decide
whether the newborn infant has been exposed to prenatal teratogens

3. Which
one of the following weights would be considered a low birth weight baby?
a. 5
pounds, 8 ounces
b. 6
pounds, 8 ounces
c. 7
pounds, 8 ounces
d. 2
pounds, 8 ounces

4. Which
of the following conditions places an infant at greater risk for developmental
a. low
weight for gestational age
b. low
birth weight
c. late
d. prematurity

5. What is the current technological
limit to fetal viability? In other words, what are the smallest babies we keep
a. about 500 grams (slightly over 1
b. 1000 grams (about 2 pounds, 8
c. 2500 grams ( about 5 pounds, 8
d. 3300 grams (about 7 pounds)

6. A typical characteristic of very low birth weight baby
is ______.
a. calm and easily soothed
b. unpleasant, high-pitched cries
c. delicate, physically attractive
d. easily establish a rhythmic pattern
of interaction

7. Plasticity means
a. the neurons in the infant’s brain
are connected in a random manner, and all the patterns depend on experience
b. the basic organization of areas of
the brain depend on early experience
c. there is no relationship between
experience and neural development
d. sensory experiences can strengthen
certain neural pathways; less used pathways may disappear

8. What
would provide evidence that habituation has occurred?
a. The infant opens her mouth to mimic
the mother’s open mouth.
b. The
infant visually follows the caregiver who is walking across the room.
c. The
infant’s response decreases each time she sees the same red teddy bear.
d. The
infants loses interest in sucking her thumb.

9. The fetus hears what while still in utero?
a. traffic noises
b. television programs
c. the telephone ringing
d. the mother’s voice

10. By age 6 to 8 months, babies can use sounds to
a. locate an object and guide reaching toward it
b. distinguish a foreign language from the native language
spoken at home
c. recognize distinct language sounds
d. all of these

11. The age at which infants see objects as well as adults do
(although perhaps with varying cognitive perceptions than the adults):
a. 2
b. 4
c. 7
d. 9

12. Caroline holds her newborn baby in her
arms and watches as the baby gazes at her.
The baby seems to be staring at a spot on Caroline’s forehead. She wonders what is so interesting about her
forehead. What explanation can you give for this?
a. Babies tend to gaze at the eyes and
mouth of a face.
b. Babies recognize an inner eye just
above the eyebrows.
Babies tend to focus attention on
borders and contours – the hairline is a type of border.
d. Babies are looking for a sign of
contentment on the mother’s face which is expressed on the forehead.

13. What
effect do sweet-tasting substances have on newborns?
a. They
have a calming effect.
b. They
increase the baby’s irritability.
c. They
increase activity level.
d. They
give babies the hiccups.

14. Which
is the largest sensory organ and the first organ to develop during the prenatal
a. nose
b. skin
c. ears
d. eyes
15. By the age of 3 months, most infants
are able to ___________.
a. distinguish a parent’s face from
the face of a stranger
b. pick up a toy from a basket and put
it back
c. sit up alone without support
d. speak well enough to be understood

16. Early
strategies for tactile exploration which then leads to the ability to identify
objects visually include _____.
a. smiling and cooing
b. sucking and mouthing
c. listening and watching
d. chewing and swallowing

17. The reflexive motor responses of the
newborn infant serve to ________.
a. facilitate the infant’s survival
b. allow the infants to control their
c. enable the infant to exhibit
voluntary movement
d. allow the infant to communicate
with the caregiver
18. Motor reflexes undergo some
transformations during infancy. What is the typical pattern of change? Think
about reaching and grasping as an example.
a. Motor control begins in the hands
and fingers and moves toward the trunk.
b. Motor control shifts from the feet
to the hands and shoulders.
c. Involuntary behavior disappears and
voluntary behavior emerges with practice.
d. Voluntary behavior becomes
involuntary behavior.

19. In
the development of reaching and pushing, which of the following is the earliest
behavior likely to be observed?
a. grasping
a moving object
b. holding
an object in both hands
c. picking
up a piece of yarn using index finger and thumb
d. reaching
into a jar to pull out a candy

20. In
the example of Zinacanteco childrearing, what is the consequence of restricting
a. The
babies lag behind U.S.
babies in motor development by about one month.
b. The
babies lag behind U.S.
babies in motor development by about 6 months.
c. The
babies cannot coordinate reaching and grasping.
d. The
babies never learn to crawl.

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