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1. Match the concept with the correct definition
Concept
a. receptive language
b. holophrases
c. telegraphic speech
d. overregularize
e. scaffolding
f. expansion

Definition
1. (c) two-word
sentences
2. (e) raising
the level of a child’s vocabulary
3. (f) elaborating
a child’s expressions
4. (a) ability
to understand words
5. (b) single-word
utterances
6. (d) apply
a grammatical rule inappropriately

2. Match the milestone in language
development with the appropriate age at which the milestone is reached.
Milestone
a. highly sensitive to spoken
language, use vocalization as a source of sensory stimulation
b. acquire extensive vocabulary,
create sentences that reflect most of basic rules of grammar, communicate
complex thoughts
c. understand words and phrases,
develop a vocabulary, begin to form two-word sentences
d. communicate ideas, observations,
needs, comprehension of spoken language almost complete, speech idiosyncratic
and best understood by people in the family

Age described by Milestone
1. (a) first
year of life
2. (c) second
year
3. (d) third
year
4. (b) fourth
year

3. Match the discipline strategy with
a likely parental behavior. )
Discipline Strategy
a. power assertion
b. love withdrawal
c. induction

Parental Behavior
1. (c) redirect
behavior
2. (a) threaten,
shout
3. (b) express
disappointment, stop communicating

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

1. What are four gross motor skill areas that most children
make significant accomplishments in during toddlerhood? (

2. What are the five representational
skills that toddlers acquire that allow them to manipulate objects mentally
rather than by actual behavior?)

3. What are four elements of communicative competence? (

4. What are four of the important
linguistic accomplishments that occur during early and middle school age?
5. Scaffolding, expansion, and
prompting are three verbal strategies adults use to clarify a child’s meaning.
Define each and give an example.

6. What are four ways that fantasy
play changes from ages 2 to 5? (
7. What are three characteristics of children who have
well-developed pretending skills? ()
8. What
are four ways that play companions can enrich a child’s capacity for fantasy
play)

9. What are three effective strategies
for helping toddlers gain control of their angry feelings? (

10. Define
the three general categories of discipline and give an example of each.)

11. Define effortful control and give an
example. )
12. What
are two sources of shame? (
13. Give three examples of the impact that
quality child care has on peer relations. (

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