1. The developmental task of ___________ plays a central
role in toddler’s psychosocial development by transforming ideas into action
and prompting interactions.
all of these
2. ________ is a string of consonants
and vowels, which begins around 6 months of age.
3. The ability to understand words, called ______________,
develops ahead of the ability to produce spoken words and language.
4. What is the meaning of the term holophase?
a. grammatical transformations
b. two-word sentences
c. vocalization without meaning
d. single word utterances accompanied
by gestures, action, vocal intonation, and emotion
5. Quickly grasping the meaning of a
word within context of a conversation, is called ________________.
none of these
6. A major accomplishment in language development during
the second year of life is the child’s ability to _____________.
form two-word sentences
d. use the grammatically correct form
of singular, possessive pronouns
7. How does a parent’s use of
expansion help a child develop communication skills?
a. It elaborates on the child’s
b. It avoids forcing the child to
c. It urges the child to listen more
d. It moves to a level of greater
8. Billy says “Go Bye-Bye,” and his Mother responds “Yes
Mommy is going Bye-Bye, I am going to work Billy.” This is an example of
9. Which of the following is an
example of symbolic play?
a. playing the drums
playing with a rattle
d. playing with one’s toes.
of the following is an example of preoperational thought?
a. throwing a ball
b. playing cards
c. pretending to be a superhero
of the following characteristics is associated with well-developed fantasy play
a. flexible problem solving skills
b. social isolation
c. poor verbal communication skills
d. daydreaming and inability to focus
12. Which of the following is NOT a strategy that toddlers use
to achieve self-control?
diverting their attention to something
talking to themselves
insisting on having their own way
creating an imaginary situation in which
disturbing problems can be expressed and resolved
13. One of the important elements of
self-control that develops during toddlerhood is the ability to ________.
a. regress to an earlier form of
b. feel out of control
c. delay the gratification or
expression of impulses
d. express impulses quickly
doesn’t love you when you do that,” is an example of which discipline practice?
of the following is a form of discipline in which the caregiver points out the
consequences of a certain behavior and redirects the child’s behavior?
16. The negative resolution of the psychosocial
crisis of toddlerhood is _________.
shame and doubt
of the following is an example of autonomy?
a. Nobody likes me.
I hate you.
That’s not fair.
I can do it myself.
18. The central process of toddlerhood,
which fosters the emergence of autonomy is _______________.
none of these
19. Which of the following has been documented as a positive
consequence of participation in quality day care?
a. improved memorization skills
b. higher IQ scores in adolescence and
c. higher levels of social competence,
self-esteem, and empathy
d. better chances of receiving a
20. Which of the statements about the
impact of day care is false?
a. Children who have had quality day
care experiences tend to show higher levels of empathy.
b. Children who have had quality day
care experiences are less compliant with their parents.
c. Children who have been in the same day care center for a
long period of time develop more complex peer play skills.
d. Children who have had quality day care experiences are
more likely to play alone and to be described as shy.