1. Children begin toddlerhood with
relatively uncoordinated, hesitant movement skills and ______________.
a. remain this way until the next
stage of development
b. make amazing accomplishments in
acquiring coordination and complex locomotor skills
c. their locomotor skills have been
easily duplicated by engineers in robots
d. none of the these
2. Identify which of the following is
a characteristic of children’s behavior during toddlerhood.
a. high level of physical activity
c. playing team sports
3. Children gain which of the
following skills as their locomotor skills develop?
a. new ways of remaining close to the
object of attachment
b. new ways for investigating the environment
c. new strategies for coping with
d. all of these
4. Advanced locomotor skills may
a. increase dependence on caregivers
b. decrease caregiver’s safety
concerns for the child
c. increase conflicts with caregivers
d. decrease new struggles of
willfulness between child and caregiver
5. The toddler’s preoccupation with
locomotor activities such as walking, jumping, and running appears to provide
the groundwork for __________________.
a. lifelong movement patterns
b. school performance patterns
c. basic work style
d. representational thinking
of the following motives helps to account for a toddler’s enthusiasm for
drive for mastery
need for parental discipline
fear of failure
need for being protected
7. Physical activity contributes in a
fundamental way to ____________.
a. toddler’s self-concept
b. a parent’s mental health
c. gender role development
d. a father’s involvement with a
8. According to cognitive-developmental
theorist, Jean Piaget, the period from 2 to 5 or 6 is called ________________.
a. sensorimotor intelligence
b. Oedipal conflict
c. initiative versus guilt
d. preoperational thought
9. What is semiotic thinking?
a. the understanding that one thing
can stand for another
b. the understanding of fundamental
c. the understanding of basic rules
for mental manipulation
d. the understanding of basic
principles of self regulation
10. What is the difference between symbols
a. Symbols are more powerful mental
tools than signs.
b. There is no direct relation between
a symbol and what it stands for, but there is a direct relation between a sign
and what it stands for.
c. Symbols are usually related in some
way to the object they stand for; signs are more abstract in that there is no
direct relation between the sign and what it stands for.
d. Symbols are semiotic; signs are
11. As children acquire representational
skills, they gain the ability to _____.
a. make their wishes come true
b. communicate about the past and the
c. compare their performance to the
performance of others
d. move more freely in the environment
a child makes adjustments to the social setting that are necessary to produce
and interpret communication, he or she is using which component of
13. Words are ________________.
c. sensorimotor schemes
d. preoperational communications
14. An example of a representational skill
a. tying a shoelace
b. telling a make-believe story
c. sorting blocks by color
d. designing a scientific experiment
15. Mental images, symbolic drawing, and
imitation in the absence of a model are examples of which of the following?
a. concrete thinking
b. operational schemes
c. representational thinking
d. hypothetico-deductive reasoning
16. The term _______ refers to the ability
to use all the aspects of language necessary to participate effectively in the
language environment of one’s culture.
a. telegraphic speech
b. communicative competence
c. grammatical transformation
17. Through the achievement of
communicative competence, children ________.
a. become increasingly integrated into
b. learn when to speak and when to
c. learn how to approach communication
with parents, peers, and authority figures
d. all of these
18. The ability to recognize language
sounds before understanding the meanings is called ________.
a. language perception
b. verbal recognition
c. language production
d. telegraphic speech
is a combination of consonants and vowels in a repetitive combination that
occurs around 6 to10 months.
20. What is receptive language?
a. telegraphic speech
b. the ability to understand words or
d. the ability to convey meaning
through words and phrases