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51. Which of the following is an example
of an internalizing problem?
a. feelings of worthlessness
b. feelings of hopefulness
c. feelings of aggression directed
toward property
d. feelings of romantic attraction

52. Which of the following is an eating disorder that is
characterized by fear of gaining weight and refusal to maintain a minimally
normal body weight?
a. anorexia
b. depression
c. egocentrism
d. menarche

53. Carla is a shy adolescent who lives a very structured life,
keeping to a strict routine. Over the last six months, she has lost 20 pounds.
She is often nauseous and does not enjoy eating. Her mother tries to encourage
her to eat, but Carla insists she is too fat and she looks better this way. A
likely diagnosis is ____.
a. externalizing disorder
b. anorexia
c. peer group alienation
d. obstinate disorder

54. In contrast to those with anorexia,
adolescents who suffer from bulimia are more likely to _______.
a. have spurts of public gluttony
b. focus exclusively on weight loss
c. suffer serious health risks
d. prevent food absorption through
induced vomiting or use of laxatives

55. How is the problem of anorexia linked
to the topic of emotional development?
a. Girls
with anorexia have other externalizing problems as well.
b. Anorexia is associated with
difficulties accepting and expressing emotions.
c. Anorexia is associated with
difficulties in impulse control.
d. Guilt is not experienced among
adolescents with anorexia.

56. Acts that are illegal for adolescents but not adults such
as truancy and underage drinking are called _____.
a. stage
b. status
c. problems
of immaturity
d. acting
out behavioral offenses

57. Delinquency is associated with which
of the following?
a. overcontrol of emotions
b. body image dissatisfaction
c. inability to control and manage
one’s impulses
d. fear of being thought of as unmanly

58. Youth who are involved in repeated
violent crimes are likely to _________________.
a. drop out of school
b. turn themselves around with little
need for intervention
c. experience clinical levels of
d. be dissatisfied with their body

59. Research suggests that for most males and females who carry
knives, the primary motive is _____________.
a. self-defense
b. the desire for revenge
c. intimidation
d. peer group pressure

60. As a result of the newly installed metal detectors, Bob was
caught bringing a gun to school. He
claims that he just wanted to show it to his history teacher. Based on what you know about teens who carry
guns, what do you think might be another possible motive?
a. Bob is interested in the physics of
b. Bob wants to help protect his
friends from other bullies at school.
c. Bob is looking for respect by
intimidating his peers with a gun.
d. Bob is trying to protect himself,
having been threatened by other kids at school.

61. Alan is experiencing sleeplessness, moodiness, and loss of
appetite. He is very low in energy and
doesn’t want to get involved in any of the activities that provided enjoyment
in the past. A likely diagnosis is
a. anorexia nervosa
b. egocentrism
c. binge drinking
d. depressed mood
62. Which of the following is NOT likely
to cause depression in early adolescence?

a. experiences of loss or failure
b. parental loss or rejection
c. hormonal changes
d. peer acceptance

63. Parental loss or parental rejection increases an
adolescent’s vulnerability to ___________________.
a. egocentrism
b. depression
c. early onset of puberty
d. romantic ideas about family

64. Research indicates that experiences of depression appear to
be more common for which of the following?
a. children of working mothers
b. children of depressed mothers
c. fathers of adolescents
d. teachers of adolescents

65. Which of the following might lead to increased feelings of
insecurity and worthlessness, and lack of confidence for adolescent girls?
a. lack
of a part-time job
b. parental
restrictions on dating
c. sexist
microaggressions by teachers or male peers
d. ambitious
academic goals

66. Why is a depressed mood in early adolescence of special concern?
a. It
is linked to suicide and/or suicidal attempts.
b. It
is linked to juvenile delinquency.
c. It
is linked to lack of respect for authorities.
d. It
is linked to delayed formal operational reasoning.

67. In the U.S., among those in the age
range 15 to 24, what is the rate of suicides?
a. one every week
b. one every day
c. one every 2 hours
d. one every 2 minutes

68. Which of the following is a
precipitating event that might lead to adolescent suicide?
a. a humiliating experience
b. a notable failure
c. rejection by a romantic partner
d. all of the these

69. Which of the following is most
accurate about adolescent suicides?
a. Boys attempt suicide more often
than girls.
b. Girls commit suicide more often
than boys.
c. Low parental monitoring is a risk
d. The number reported seems to be
quite accurate.

70. In a study of the impact of the Signs of Suicide (SOS)
prevention program in 92 schools, it was found that students who participated
in the program .
a. showed an increase of help seeking
of 60% in the month following the beginning of the program
b. showed increases in negative
reactions after being exposed to information about suicide
c. were 34% less likely to commit
suicide than students who were not in the program
d. were less likely to talk to
teachers once the program began

71. During early adolescence, the peer group tends to become
more than it had been
at earlier ages.
a. causal
b. structured
c. tied to the neighborhood
d. homogeneous

72. What is the meaning of the term “crowd” in relation to
the adolescent peer group?
a. a
small group of 5 to 10 friends
b. all the people one adolescent knows
by name
c. a large group recognized by a few
predominant characteristics
d. all the popular kids in a school

73. Populars, gangsters, goths, and jocks
are examples of .
a. high school organizations
b. peer organizations
c. social class roles
d. peer crowds

74. Which of the following is considered a
characteristic of adolescent peer cliques?
a. They have boundaries.
b. They have expectations for
c. They can be identified by
characteristic clothing, language, and places where they get together.
d. All of the these

75. Membership in peer groups helps
adolescents learn important skills such as ________.
a. assessing group structure
b. avoiding delinquent behavior
c. being responsive to adult
d. coping with media images

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