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Hi.  Need some help on my homeworks in Criminology.  1) A codified law is
known as a
A) deviant act.
B) statute.
C) theory.
D) crime.

2) According to John
F. Galliher, legal definitions of criminality are arrived at through a
__________ process.
A) sociological
B) psychological
C) political
D) mainstream

3) Ron Classen sees
crime primarily as
A) a violation of a
B) problem behavior.

C) an offense against human relationships.
D) a form of social

4) The pluralistic
perspective suggests that behaviors are typically criminalized through
A) general agreement
of members of society.
B) a political process.
C) the existence of
shared norms and values.
D) none of the above

5) Which of the
following jobs probably would not fall within the field of criminalistics?
A) Fingerprint
B) Polygraph
C) Forensics
D) Correctional officer

6) A police officer
or probation officer is best described as a
A) criminalist.
B) criminologist.
C) criminal justice professional.
D) none of the above

7) __________
definitions focus on criminology’s role in uncovering the underly-
ing causes of crime.

A) Scientific
B) Causative
C) Disciplinary
D) None of the above

8) According to
various professional groups, violence in television, music, video
games, and movies
A) may lead to increased levels of violent behavior among
B) may lead to
decreased levels of violent behavior among children.
C) may lead to
emotional sensitization toward violence in real life.
D) may have no
effect on levels of violent behavior among children.

9) Which of the
following is not an immediate input provided by the justice system that may
enhance or reduce the likelihood of criminal occurrences?
A) Police response
time to a crime scene
B) The availability
or lack of official assistance
C) The presence or
absence of police officers
D) A prison that acts as a “crime school”
10) Which of the
following is not considered a property crime by the UCR?
A) Robbery
B) Burglary
C) Arson
D) Theft

11) Which of the
following is not a reason why rape victims fail to report their victimization?
A) Fear that the
crime is not important enough to report
B) Fear of the perpetrator
C) Fear of
participation in the criminal justice system
D) Shame

12) The category of
crimes in NIBRS which corresponds most closely to the UCR Part I offenses is
A) Group A offenses
B) Part I crimes
C) NIBRS key crimes
D) None of the above

13) According to
Elliott Currie, the __________ is the rate of crime calculated on the basis of
crimes that would likely be committed by those who are incapacitated by the
criminal justice system.
A) actual crime rate

B) criminality index

C) latent crime rate
D) clearance rate

14) The NCVS divides
larceny into the categories of __________ larceny.
A) household and
B) grand and petty
C) violent and
D) felony and misdemeanor

15) Which of the
following is not a finding of the National Youth Survey?
A) Violent offenders
begin lives of crime earlier than originally believed.
B) Females are involved in a smaller proportion of crime
than previously thought.
C) There is a
consistent progression from less serious to more serious acts of
delinquency over
D) Race
differentials in crime are smaller than traditional data sources indicated.

16) The first step
in any research is to
A) develop a
research design.
B) choose a data
collection technique.
C) review the
D) identify a problem.
17) A __________ is
especially valuable when aspects of the social setting are beyond the control
of the researcher.
A) one-group
pretest-posttest design
B) case study
C) controlled
D) quasi-experimental design

18) The study of one
particular criminal organization is an example of the __________ data-gathering
A) survey research
B) case study
C) participant
D) secondary

19) The degree of
dispersion of scores around the mean is known as the
A) standard deviation.
B) median.
C) correlation.
D) significance

20) A __________
correlation exists between sample size and the degree of confidence we can have
in our results.
A) positive
B) curvilinear
C) negative
D) inverse

21) In which year
was the Magna Carta signed?
A) 450 B.C.
B) 1215
C) 1066
D) 1700 B.C.

22) Which of the
following was not one of the three types of crimes outlined by Beccaria?
A) Crimes that involved no victims other than society
B) Crimes that ran
contrary to the social order
C) Crimes that
injured citizens or their property
D) Crimes that
threatened the security of the state

23) Which of the
following categories of punishment might include the loss of the right to vote?

A) chronic
B) compulsive
C) indelible
D) restrictive

24) The argument
that crime is not a result of poverty or social conditions and
therefore cannot be
affected by social programs was made by
A) Lawrence Cohen.
B) David Fogel.
C) Ronald V. Clarke.

D) James Q. Wilson.
25) Research by
__________ found that a small number of chronic recidivists were responsible
for a large majority of serious violent crime.
A) Marvin Wolfgang
B) Marcus Felson
C) Jack Katz

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